Article from growfoodeasily.com
Hardiness Zones - Planting Months
For those of you in the UK and Europe, this guide can be applied. If you are in a different continent, the conditions will vary, as it can be tropical or a dry heat.
Planting zones, are areas of hardiness. A planting guide, that enables us to know when to plant vegetables, fruit and flowers. Each area within a zone has similar growing conditions, this standardization gives us a good guide to what we can grow and when to grow.
US Zones + Temperatures
UK Hardiness Zones
Planting Calendar Schedule - Zone 10
Essential Gardening Equipment
Soil pH Testing
You need to make sure that you accurately test your soil to give your plants the best chance. This Apera kit has ±0.1 pH accuracy, see the star ratings over at Amazon.
The best way to germinate your seeds so that they have a great start is with a germination kit. Seeds that are grown this way produce greater results. Check the specs of the MXIC over at Amazon.
A trusted spade is a gardeners best friend, it helps you do the work. A long handled spade is the most effective type and this DeWit with a lifetime guarantee is our favorite – see the quality at Amazon.
Gardening Tool Set
For the finer work in the garden, we need those handy tools to help us cultivate. One that you can carry around in the garden is best and we like this well designed set with super reviews at Amazon.
Every advanced gardener has a greenhouse and with so many benefits how can we do without. The acceleration and growth rate when using a greenhouse is worth the cost. The Exaco 116 square foot with safety glass is ideal at Amazon. On a budget see the poly tunnel at Amazon.
One of the issues people have is that their crops produce all at once. The best way to overcome this is with a dehydrator so you can store your food for years and the flavor is amazing. The best one on the market is the Excalibur with a 10 year guarantee, see it at Amazon.
January Planting Zone 10
Temperatures: 30 to 40 F (5 to -1 Celsius)
Indoors: Kale, peppers, tomatoes, squash, basil, and melons
Seeding: If the weather is favorable; transplant cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage seedlings outside, but make sure you protect them.
You can also seed early lettuce, onions, carrots, cabbage, radishes, beets, turnips, kale, parsley, and spinach.
February Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 30 to 40 F (5 to -1 Celsius)
For zone 9 and 10, all the rules of January apply. If the January was too cold to plant early lettuce, onions, carrots, cabbage, radishes, beets, turnips, kale, parsley, and spinach, February is the time to do it. Make sure you protect the veggies with protective fabric or place them in a polytunnel or greenhouse.
You can also transplant cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage seedlings to a tunnel, and plant peas.
March Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 56 to 78 F (13 to 26 Celsius)
You can plant some things, that can also be planted in zones 5-9, but it’s important to consider that some more “cold-loving” veggies, can be inappropriate to be sown in zone 10, in March (Look at January and February for zone 10).
Seeding: Leafy greens, cucumbers, and watermelon. Transplant peppers, tomatoes, and eggplant seedlings, and surround them with compost.
April Planting Zone 10
Temperatures: 68 to 82 F (20 to 28 Celsius)
Seeding: Start sewing bush and pole beans, corn, squash, watermelon, cantaloupe, cucumbers, sweet potatoes, peppers, and tomatoes. You can also plant ginger.
Sweet potato is a good companion to beets and parsnip.
Ginger grows well with legumes (beans, peas) and with chili peppers.
May Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 66 to 95 F (19 to 35 Celsius)
Seeding: Melons, squash, cantaloupes, and beans. Plant tomatoes, peppers, and sweet potatoes outside.
Flowers: Marigolds, sunflowers, cosmos, verbena, zinnia, tithonia, and Nicotiana.
Plant: Citrus trees, berry bushes, and spring bulbs.
Harvesting: Spinach, lettuce, radishes, and turnips.
Make sure all the plants get plenty of water.
You can still continue to plant citrus trees and berry bushes.
All the house plants should be brought back inside.
June Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 75 to 92 F (24 to 35 Celsius)
Seeding: Tomatoes, corn, melons, cucumbers, and beans.
Harvest: Asparagus, beans, spring cabbage, broccoli, lettuce, young onions, peas, spinach, early potatoes, chard, and kohlrabi.
It’s very important to water regularly in these periods (in case there is not enough rain). Especially in zones 9 and 10.
July Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 77 to 97 F (15 to 35 Celsius)
Seeding: Eggplants, peppers, sweet potatoes, okra, cilantro, tomatoes, squash, Brussels sprouts, and transplanted watermelons. Harvesting: Lettuce, spinach, cherries, strawberries, blueberries, runner beans, and zucchini.
August Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 76 to 91 F (25 to 33 Celsius)
Seeding: Broccoli, celery, cauliflower, eggplant, okra, cucumbers, peas, tomatoes, turnips, early watermelon, early peppers, summer and winter squash, pumpkins.
Harvesting: Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers, and potatoes.
September Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 75 to 89 F (24 to 32 Celsius)
Harvesting: Onion, apples, beans, zucchini, potatoes, and tomatoes.
Seeding: Endive, eggplant, kohlrabi, kale, cucumbers, corn, cauliflower, carrots, cabbage, spinach, tomatoes, peppers, peas, parsley, onions, lettuce, broccoli, beets, beans, Brussels sprouts, and celery.
November Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 60 to 78 F (16 to 26 Celsius)
Harvest: Beans, squash, fruits, carrots, peas, cucumbers, kale, and lettuce. Remove any rotting fruit to prevent disease and pests.
Tips: Cover the plants with farmer’s covers, sheets, straw, and mulch, to protect them from freezing.
December Planting Zone 10
Temperature: 52 to 73 F (11 to 23 Celsius)
Seeding: Onions, beets, radishes, spinach, leafy greens, and chives (greenhouse, tunnel) Seeding outside: Peas and Brussels sprouts.
Harvest: Fruit from citrus trees, beans, broccoli, melons, radishes, onions, and potatoes.
Remove all the rotten veggies and plants, to prevent pests and diseases. – Protect your fruit trees.
Protect your crops in tunnels and greenhouses. Add covers, straw, and mulch.